Arctic Marine Biology Productivity Workshop

February 22-24, 2011
401 Akasofu Building
University of Alaska Fairbanks
Fairbanks, Alaska


The results of this workshop are summarized in this PDF file.


Eddy Carmack
Institute of Ocean Sciences in Sidney, British Columbia
Eddy [dot] Carmackdfo-mpo [dot] gc [dot] ca

Eddy is the Sydney Chapman Chair in the College of Natural Science and Mathematics at the University of Alaska, Fairbanks, and an old climate oceanographer at the Institute of Ocean Sciences in Sidney, British Columbia. He has participated in over 80 field investigations in rivers lakes and seas spanning from the Antarctic to the Arctic; from the Yukon to Siberia, and has studied the water masses and thermohaline circulation of the global ocean, climate change in arctic waters, dynamics of deep lakes and reservoirs, streamflow in ice-covered rivers and – as a central theme - physical/biological coupling in marine systems. His current research seeks to examine the signals and causes of climate variability in high-latitude oceans and repercussions to the food web and resident fish and marine mammals. He has served as Chief Canadian scientist for co-operative studies of the subarctic North Pacific with Russia, for the 1994 Canada/US expedition to the North Pole, and for recent international studies in the Northwest Passage and Canada Basin. He currently leads the 'Canada's Three Oceans' project for the International Polar Year and, to maintain personal perspective, is 'Captain' of his 34' troller conversion R/V Wicklow.

Clara Deal
University of Alaska Fairbanks
clara [dot] dealiarc [dot] uaf [dot] edu

Clara's current research interests include biosphere-climate interactions and feedbacks, with a focus on dimethylsulfide and carbon cycling in the sea ice environment. In recent years, her research has concentrated on modeling studies of arctic marine lower trophic level ecosystems and their interactions with biogeochemical cycles. She is currently funded through the U.S. Department of Energy to improve the treatment of arctic marine biogeochemistry in the Community Climate System Model, working closely with the Climate Ocean Sea Ice Model team at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Trained and seasoned as an analytical/environmental chemist, she has deployed sensitive scientific equipment in field research settings and collected and analyzed atmospheric and seawater samples in the Gulf of Alaska and the Bering and Chukchi seas. Deal holds joint appointments as a research assistant professor with the International Arctic Research Center at the University of Alaska Fairbanks and teaches as an adjunct professor in the Department of Earth Sciences at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis. She received her bachelorʼs of science in biological sciences, masterʼs of science in chemistry, and Ph.D. in atmospheric chemistry at the University of Alaska Fairbanks.

Jody W. Deming
School of Oceanography
University of Washington
jdemingu [dot] washington [dot] edu

Jody earned a B.A. in Biological Sciences cum laude from Smith College (1974) and Ph.D. in Microbiology from the University of Maryland (1981). She received NSF and NOAA postdoctoral fellowships for deep-sea research (1981–1983) at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography and Johns Hopkins University. She continued research at the JHU Chesapeake Bay Institute until moving to the University of Washington in 1988, where she is Professor in the School of Oceanography (since 1995). At UW, she has directed the Marine Bioremediation Program (1992–1999), launched the Marine Molecular Biotechnology Laboratory (now the Center for Environmental Genomics), and helped establish the nation’s first graduate training program in Astrobiology (1998–present). She and her students currently explore microbial life in the Arctic Ocean and its sea-ice cover. She served on the US Polar Research Board during the International Polar Year 2007–2009, has chaired the International Arctic Polynya Program since 2000, and recently joined the US Ocean Sciences Board and NRC Deepwater Horizon Committee. She publishes regularly, has participated in over 45 research expeditions and related outreach efforts, and mentored numerous graduate and undergraduate students. Among her awards are NSF Presidential Young Investigator Award (1989), US Coast Guard Arctic Service Medal (1993), Honorary Doctorate in Science and Engineering, Université Laval in Quebec (2006), and the Walters Endowed Professorship (2009–present). She is a member of the American Academy of Microbiology (elected 1999) and US National Academy of Sciences (elected 2003). She is also a native Texan with Choctaw heritage, trained in classical piano and loves to swim, even in the cold.

Rolf Gardinger
Institute of Marine Science
University of Alaska Fairbanks
rgradingerims [dot] uaf [dot] edu

Rolf studied at Kiel University in Kiel, where he received his MS (Arctic phytoplankton distribution patterns) and PhD (microbial network processes in the Arctic) degrees. He started to work on sea ice biota during his Post-Doc period at the AWI Bremerhaven. He continued this research focus during his Assistant Professor period at Kiel University with several expeditions into Arctic seas. Currently he is Assoc Professor at the University of Alaska Fairbanks and involved in research on ice algal productivity in the Bering Sea (contributing to the Bering Sea Ecosystem studies) and the biodiversity in the entire Arctic (as part of the Census of Marine Life).
Georgina Gibson
International Arctic Research Center
University of Alaska Fairbanks
ggibsoniarc [dot] uaf [dot] edu

Georgina grew up on the Isle of Wight, a small island off of the south coast of Britain. Being constantly surrounded by water fueled her desire to study the ocean. She received a joint honors BSc in Marine Biology and Oceanography from the University of Wales, Bangor and a PhD in Biological Oceanography from the University of Alaska Fairbanks. Presently a Research Assistant Professor with the International Arctic Research Center, she uses computational approaches to simulate ecosystem dynamics in the Bering Sea and Gulf of Alaska in an effort to explain and predict system variability. She is particularly interested in how variability in the hydrography of the ocean influences temporal and spatial patterns of biomass and production. She specializes in lower trophic level, Nutrient-Phytoplankton-Zooplankton food web models and Individual Based Models.
Jacqueline Grebmeier
Chesapeake Biological Laboratory
University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science
jgrebmeiumces [dot] edu

Jacqueline Grebmeier is Research Professor and a biological oceanographer at the Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science. She is the U.S. delegate to the International Arctic Science Committee (IASC), a current member of the U.S. Polar Research Board of the National Academies, and served formerly as a member of the U.S. Arctic Research Commission following appointment by President Clinton. She has contributed to coordinated international and national science planning efforts including service on the steering committee for U.S. efforts in the ongoing International Polar Year. Over the last twenty-five years she has participated in over 45 oceanographic expeditions on both US and foreign vessels, many as Chief Scientist, and she was the overall project lead scientist for the U.S. Western Arctic Shelf-Basin Interactions project, which was one of the largest U.S. funded global change studies in the Arctic. Her research includes studies of pelagic-benthic coupling in marine systems, benthic carbon cycling, benthic faunal population structure, and polar ecosystem health, and she has published over 75 peer-reviewed scientific papers. Her role in many international research projects includes coordination of the benthic biological and sediment tracer studies and analysis of ecosystem status and trends on Arctic continental shelves. A recent study in which she was lead author that was published in Science provides some of the first direct evidence for biological community responses to warming and oceanographic shifts in the Bering Sea ecosystem and she has also served as editor of several books and journal special issues.
Naomi Harada
Research Institute for Global Change
Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology
HaradaNjamstec [dot] go [dot] jp

To understand the role of the ocean in and its responses to climate changes, Naomi has reconstructed changes in SST and intermediate-deep water ventilation across millennial time scales by using sediment cores collected from the high latitudes in the North Pacific and its marginal seas. She has also investigated biological and biogeochemical investigations by sediment trap and other time-series data set have been done in the same region. From this fiscal year, she has started a project in the Arctic Ocean, "Catastrophic reduction of sea-ice in the Arctic Ocean – its impact on the marine ecosystems in the polar region" supported by Japan Society for the Promotion of Science. The aims of this project are 1) to estimate the recent changes in sea-ice thickness and sea-ice covering area, and temporal changes in primary production, 2) to understand the physiological response of marine phyto- and zooplanktons having carbonate tests on warming or freshening associated with sea-ice melting, 3) to develop a new model for marine ecosystems in the Arctic Ocean, to reproduce the primary production by using the model and to understand the response of marine ecosystems on the catastrophic environmental changes caused by rapid sea-ice reduction in the western Arctic Ocean.
Henry Huntington
Oceans North: Protecting Life in the Arctic
The Pew Environment Group, The Pew Charitable Trusts
hphalaska [dot] net

Henry is the Arctic Science Director for the Pew Charitable Trusts. In addition, he has several independent research projects, typically examining human‐environment interactions in the Arctic. He has studied indigenous hunting and fishing, traditional knowledge of the environment, the impacts of climate change on Arctic peoples, industrial development, Iñupiat and Inuit use of sea ice, and other topics. He has been involved in several major international assessments of the Arctic, including the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment published in 2005 and the Arctic Biodiversity Assessment currently underway. His work has also bridged social and natural sciences, and examined large‐scale changes in the Arctic System, including impacts of climate change on Arctic marine mammals. Huntington has also made several long trips in the Arctic, by dog team, snowmobile, and small boat. He lives in Eagle River, Alaska, with his wife Kathy and sons Caleb and Thomas.
Meibing Jin
International Arctic Research Center
University of Alaska Fairbanks
mbjiarc [dot] uaf [dot] edu

Meibing's research interests are coupled ice-ocean modeling, marine ecosystem and couple ice-ocean ecosystem modeling, and response of Arctic sea ice/ocean, biota to global climate change. His current research projects are ocean mixing processes associated with high spatial heterogeneity in sea ice and the implications for climate models, International Collaboration to Achieve Circumpolar Synthesis and Integration: fate of sea ice and arctic ecosystem feedback, Influence of Sea Ice on Arctic Marine Sulfur Biogeochemistry in the Community Climate System Model, Sea ice-ocean-atmosphere coupled model for Earth Simulator (ES), and coupled physical biological model in the pan-Arctic Oceans, and Collaboration on in-situ observation, remote sensing and modeling in the Pacific Arctic Ocean.
Sang Heon Lee's
Department of Oceanography in Pusan National University, Korea
sangleepusan [dot] ac [dot] kr

Sang's major concerns are marine ecosystem changes (especially based on the bottom-up control) in the Arctic Ocean by the environmental factors such as temperature, salinity, inorganic nutrients, input of freshwater, ice thickness, and snow depth on the sea ice. His specific interests are dynamics of major inorganic dissolved nutrient concentration, primary and new productions using a dual 13C-15N isotope method, geographic size compositions of primary producers, and physiological and nutritional conditions of phytoplankton and ice algae based on photosyntheticend products (proteins, lipids, LMWM, and Polysaccharide) in the Arctic Oceans.
Eva Leu
University Courses on Svalbard, Norway
eva [dot] leuunis [dot] no

Eva is currently employed as a postdoctoral researcher in Arctic Marine Biology at UNIS (University Studies in Svalbard, Norway). Before that, she worked 4.5 years as a postdoctoral fellow at the Norwegian Polar Institute in Tromsø. In June 2006, she was awarded her PhD from the University of Oslo, after defending her thesis on: "Effects of a changing Arctic light climate on the nutritional quality of phytoplankton". She did her undergraduate studies at the Universities of Konstanz and Freiburg (Germany), and Tromsø (Norway), and obtained her Master's degree from the University of Freiburg in 2001.

Her main research interest is the physical‐biological coupling of climate change effects at the bottom of the Arctic marine food web, with a major emphasis on food quality (fatty acid and lipid composition), and timing aspects. In her studies, she uses an interdisciplinary approach, with ecophysiology and biochemistry as the major means to understand the underlying correlations of physical‐biological coupling. She has been focusing mainly on the effects of light (UVR and PAR), but more recently she also started to study nutrient limitation, and effects of ocean acidification. She usually combines the collection of field data with experimental work, both in the laboratory and in the field.
William (Bill) Li
Department of Fisheries and Oceans
Bedford Institute of Oceanography
bill [dot] lidfo-mpo [dot] gc [dot] ca

Bill is a microbial oceanographer in the Department of Fisheries and Oceans at the Bedford Institute of Oceanography in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia where he has been a research scientist since 1980. He graduated from the University of British Columbia (BSc) and Dalhousie University (PhD), and conducted post-doctoral work at the Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences and at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. His current work is focused on the large scale geographic patterns and long term temporal changes in microbial plankton discerned from survey and monitoring programs in the Bedford Basin, the Scotian Shelf, the Gulf of Maine, the Labrador Sea, the Arctic Ocean, and elsewhere. He is head of the Ocean Research and Monitoring Section at BIO, chair of the ICES Working Group on Phytoplankton and Microbial Ecology, chair of the Gulf of Maine Area marine microbes working group, and Associate Editor of the Journal of Plankton Research.
Harald Loeng
Institute of Marine Research, Norway
harald [dot] loengimr [dot] no

Educated as a physical Oceanographer at the University of Oslo in 1974, Harald started his career at Marine Biological Station in Tromsø where he was responsible for some fjord investigation. He has been at the Institute of Marine Science since 1976 and has mainly been involved in projects related to physical oceanographic processes in the Northern Seas, relations between climate and fish population parameters. Since 1991 he has been responsible for several research programs and research groups, presently Head of Research Program Climate-Fish. He has also been adjunct professor in physical oceanography at the University of Tromsø.
Connie Lovejoy
Université Laval, Québec, Canada
connie [dot] lovejoybio [dot] ulaval [dot] ca

Connie is based at the Université Laval, Québec, Canada. Current research is focused on Arctic marine microbes, especially planktonic microorganisms (phytoplankton and other protists, archaea and bacteria). These organisms are responsible for global carbon and mineral cycling on a planetary scale. Her laboratory addresses such questions as: How many micro-organisms are there in the water column? What is their genetic and metabolic diversity? What factors determine growth and mortality?
Keitaro Matsumoto
Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences
Hokkaido University, Japan
kmatsumotosalmon [dot] fish [dot] hokudai [dot] ac [dot] jp

Keitaro is a master course student at Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University. His laboratory specializes in satellite oceanography. His study theme is to clarify variability of phytoplankton bloom in Chukchi & Bering Sea using satellite remote sensing data (Chlorophyll a concentration, Sea Surface Temperature, Sea Ice, etc.). He participated in the T/S Oshoro-Maru IPY cruise to the Bering and Chukchi Sea in 2009. In 2010, he joined in the R/V Mirai cruise to western arctic.
Kohei Mizobata
Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, Japan
mizobatakaiyodai [dot] ac [dot] jp

Kohei's current interests are ocean heat budget and phytoplankton dynamics related to sea ice dynamics in the western Arctic Ocean and Bering Sea. He collaborates with other physical and chemical oceanographers on satellite remote sensing for those regions.
Shigeto Nishino
Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Japan
nishinosjamstec [dot] go [dot] jp

Shigeto is a polar oceanographer at JAMSTEC in Yokosuka, Japan. He received a Ph.D. in Physical Oceanography in 1997 from Hokkaido University. He has participated in the R/V Mirai Arctic Ocean cruises since 2000, and led water samplings and chemical analyses. Based on the field experiments, he has studied water mass distributions and ocean circulation, which are related to biogeochemical cycles, and their temporal variations in the changing Arctic climate system. His current interest is to understand impacts of sea ice melt on the Arctic biological production, which would be different among the positions of ocean circulation.
Ekaterina (Katya) Popova
National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, UK
ekpnoc [dot] soton [dot] ac [dot] uk

Katya is an ocean modeller and her main scientific interest is ecosystem functioning and biophysical interactions. She is developing coupled physical and biological models on a variety of scales from meso- to global. Although generally being an "arm-chair oceanographer", she works a lot with observational oceanographers. One of her research interests is developing cruise-oriented real-time forecasting and data assimilation capabilities which are used for optimisation of the cruise strategies.

Her main interest in Arctic is also focusing on our modelling and predictive capabilities of ecosystem dynamics in this area. Her group is running high resolution global ocean model with fully coupled ecosystem dynamics. Her main interest associated with this model is its performance in the Arctic Ocean and its reliability for future projections of Arctic productivity. The main focus of her current analysis is physical processes that control primary production and how well our models reproduce them.

She is coordinating ecosystem model intercomparison in AOMIP (Arctic Model Intercomparison Project).
Marit Reigstad
University of Tromsø, Norway
marit [dot] reigstaduit [dot] no

Marit's scientific focus is carbon cycling through pelagic-benthic coupling and regulation of vertical flux of organic material by organisms at lower trophic levels, and through physical forcing. Methods include short-time sediment traps, pelagic plankton communities, with characterization of organic matter though microscopy and biochemical analysis. A combination of field investigations and process-oriented experiments has been useful to reveal mechanisms behind retention patterns and composition of organic material as seen in sediment traps deployed with high vertical resolution. She has experience from several investigations in the Barents Sea, studying the impact of ice and environmental conditions on productivity and pelagic-benthic coupling. She has also been responsible for the biological program in the IPY project "iAOOS Norway" with investigations on the East-Greenland shelf in the Fram Strait. At present, she leads the CONFLUX project, focusing on the role of different organisms on degradation processes in the upper water column (>200 m). Experience from coastal regions, fjords and the Arctic. Cooperation with ecosystem modelers to investigate productivity and fate of primary production related to the ecosystem composition on larger time- and spatial scales.
Sei-Ichi Saitoh
Faculty of Fisheries Sciences and Center of Sustainability Science
Hokkaido University, Japan
ssaitohsalmon [dot] fish [dot] hokudai [dot] ac [dot] jp

Sei-Ichi is a professor of the Faculty of Fisheries Sciences and Center of Sustainability Science at Hokkaido University and also executive adviser at SpaceFish LLP which is a venture company on fisheries information service. He specializes in operational fisheries oceanography and satellite oceanography. He has conducted Oshoro Maru IPY research cruises in Chukchi Sea, summer in 2007 and 2008. He was a co-chair for MONITOR Technical Committee of PICES (North Pacific Marine Science Organization).
Katsuhito Shinmyo
Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences
Hokkaido University, Japan
shinmyosalmon [dot] fish [dot] hokudai [dot] ac [dot] jp

Katsuhito is a master course student of Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences Hokkaido University, Japan. He is interested in Primary Production of the world ocean including western arctic region. He has been to arctic region by boarding research vessel "Osyoro-maru" and "Mirai" in 2009 and 2010. His current study seeks to estimate the ocean productivity by remote sensing. And he is tuning absorption based productivity model for arctic and north pacific. But there are still some problems and difficulty applying the same algorithm for many regions. So if you have a question or advice for him, please let him know.
Dean A. Stockwell
Institute of Marine Science,
School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences
University of Alaska Fairbanks
deanims [dot] uaf [dot] edu

Dean is an Associate Research Faculty member of the Institute of Marine Science and within the School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences at UAF. His research specialty is Biological Oceanography and has actively worked in polar and Alaskan waters for the past 30 years with regard to understanding marine primary production in estuarine and coastal waters of the Gulf of Alaska, Bering Sea, Arctic Ocean and throughout the Antarctic. During this period he has been an active participant in the Shelf Basin Interaction Program (SBI), Bering-Pacific Ecological Studies (BERPAC), Scientific Ice Expeditions (SCICEX-US Navy submarines under the Arctic ice cap) and NOAA Arctic Exploration program. He has worked with the Ocean Drilling Program in Prydz Bay Antarctica and the Kerguelen Plateau (ODP-Leg 119) looking at paleo-polar diatom regimes. He has also attended recent workshops examining drilling programs in the Bering Sea.

Dr. Stockwell has been Associate Program Manager for Polar Biology and Medicine for NSF Office of Polar Programs and station science manager at McMurdo Sound, Antarctica.
Jean-Éric Tremblay
Laval University, Canada
jean-eric [dot] tremblaybio [dot] ulaval [dot] ca

Jean-Éric specializes in primary production and nutrient cycling in polar and temperate seas. He obtained a BSc. in biological oceanography from the University of British Columbia (1990) and a PhD in biology from Laval University (1996) as part of the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (C-JGOFS). He subsequently held a DAAD postdoctoral fellowship at the Alfred-Wegener Institute (Germany), during which he worked in the Southern Ocean (SO-JGOFS). He then obtained a JSPS fellowship to work on ice-algal production in northern Japan. From 1998 to 2004, Tremblay was a research associate at McGill University. During these years he spent over 200 days at sea working with large international programs in the Arctic (NOW - North Water Polynya Study; CASES - Canadian Shelf Exchange Study) and the North Pacific (C-SOLAS – Canadian Surface Ocean and Lower Atmosphere Study). He is now tenured professor at Laval University and investigates the impacts of environmental forcing on nutrient supply and primary production in the Arctic Ocean, with emphasis on the processes taking place in subsurface chlorophyll layers. He leads project 2.2 in ArcticNet (Marine Productivity), the Nutrient & Carbon Fluxes component of IPY-CFL and the Primary Production component of IPY-SOLAS. Tremblay served as director of the PhD program in Oceanography at Laval and as executive director of the strategic group Québec-Océan.
Paul Wassmann
Institute of Arctic and Marine Biology
University of Tromsø, Norway
paul [dot] wassmannuit [dot] no

Paul is a research professor at the Institute of Arctic and Marine Biology, Faculty of biosciences, fisheries and economy at the University of Tromsø, Norway. He is born in Germany and educated at the University of Bergen, Norway. Here he received his PhD in marine ecology in 1984. He worked also at the University of Oslo and since 1988 at the University of Tromsø. Sabbaticals and research periods at the Bermuda Biological Station of Research, Bermuda, Station Zoologique, Villefranche‐sur‐mer, France, Université Laval, Quebec, Canada and IMEDEA, Mallorca, Spain. He employed himself through a number of research projects from 1985 to 2002 when he was announced professor in environmental biology.

He was one of the founding persons the ARCTOS network (, he leads the ARCTOS PhD school “Arctic ecosystems, biogeochemical cycles and climatic change in the anthroposen”, heads the FP7 EU project Arctic Tipping Points (‐ and is among the initiators and organisers of the only recurrent meeting place for politics and research in the Arctic, the Arctic Frontiers conference (http://www.arctic‐ To his research interests belong: Arctic marine system ecology, vertical flux and flux regulation in ecosystems of different trophic state and latitude, flux of carbon in marine ecosystems as a function of trophic state and climate change and physical‐biological coupled 3‐D models of pelagic primary production, new and export production.
Terry E. Whitledge
Institute of Marine Science
University of Alaska Fairbanks
terryims [dot] uaf [dot] edu

Terry is the Director of the Institute of Marine Science and Professor within the School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences at UAF. His research specialty is Chemical/Biological Oceanography and has actively worked in Alaskan waters for the past 35 years with regard to understanding nutrient processes that support marine primary production in estuarine and coastal waters of the Gulf of Alaska, Bering Sea and the western Arctic Ocean. During that period he was an active participant in the Processes and Resouces of the Bering Sea Shelf (PROBES), Inner Shelf Transfer and Recycling (ISHTAR), Bering-Pacific Ecological Studies (BERPAC) and Russian-American Long Term Census of the Arctic (RUSALCA). He and his students have recently focused on long-term moored nitrate measurements in the Bering Sea and Bering Strait as well as field measurements of nutrient and light effects on primary production rates under decreasing ice cover.

Dr. Whitledge is the Principal Investigator for the Construction and Operation of the Alaska Region Research Vessel (ARRV) with the given name R/V SIKULIAQ. Construction is currently underway in Wisconsin with an approximate initial science operations date of mid-2014.
Francis Wiese
North Pacific Research Board
francis [dot] wiesenprb [dot] org

Francis is the Science Director of the North Pacific Research Board. He is a marine ecologist by training and has worked in Switzerland, Germany, the Bahamas, Ecuador, Mexico, the USA, and Canada focusing on marine conservation and bridging the gap between science and management. His PhD focused on the effects of chronic marine oil pollution on seabird populations in eastern Canada and results helped strengthen Canadian Environmental Law. His current interests are the development and implementation of large multi-disciplinary ecosystem programs and the application of solid science in marine resource management and policy.
Bill Williams
Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Institute of Ocean Sciences, Canada
williamsbidfo-mpo [dot] gc [dot] ca

Bill is a physical oceanographer that has been working in the Arctic since he came to the Institute of Ocean Sciences in 2003. He is interested in shelf-break exchange forced by the wind and by ice motion, how this exchange can be enhanced by cross-shelf canyons and isobath divergence, and how the upwelling of nutrient-rich water at across the shelfbreak is changing with changing conditions in the Arctic. He recently also moved into the much deeper water of the Canada Basin to keep watch on the Beaufort Gyre. Bill has a BA in Mathematics from the University of Cambridge in England. From there he crossed the Atlantic to America, first to Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, where he received an MSc in physical oceanography and then to University of Alaska Fairbanks where he did a Phd with Tom Weingartner on the Alaska Coastal Current. Bill left UAF in 2003to begin a postdoctoral studies with Grant Ingram at the University of British Columbia and Eddy Carmack at the Institute of Ocean Sciences. This was the beginning of a journey into the oceanography of the Arctic that started with the Canadian Arctic Shelf Exchange Study. Bill has since been involved with the Northern Coastal Marine Studies Program aboard the CCGS Nahidik, the Canada’s Three Oceans project and is now leading the Joint Ocean Ice Studies Program aboard the CCGS Louis S. St Laurent.

Other Participants

  • John Walsh <jwalshiarc [dot] uaf [dot] edu>
  • Caryn L Rea <Caryn [dot] Reaconocophillips [dot] com>
  • Bill Streever <StreevBJbp [dot] com>
  • Jia Wang <Jia [dot] Wangnoaa [dot] gov>
  • Takashi Kikuchi <takashikjamstec [dot] go [dot] jp>